For those who wish to know where I have obtained the information on The Entities mentioned within these Web Pages, I have consulted the Internationally acclaimed, Best-Selling Metaphysical and Mineralogical Encyclopedia that is currently available on the market. I am of course referring to "Love is in the Earth: The Crystal & Mineral Encyclopedia" {ISBN-10: 0962819069 ~ ISBN-13: 9780962819063}.

This hardcover comprehensive Tomb 0f Knowledge is a compendium of Melody's five previous books.


Love is in the Earth: A Kaleidoscope of Crystals
{ISBN-10: 0962819034 & ISBN-13: 978-0962819032}
Love Is in the Earth: Kaleidoscopic Pictorial Supplement A {ISBN-10: 0962819077 & ISBN-13: 978-0962819070}
Love Is in the Earth: Kaleidoscopic Pictorial Supplement Z {ISBN-10: 0962819050 & ISBN-13: 978-0962819056}
Love Is in the Earth - Mineralogical Pictorial: Treasures of the Earth {ISBN-10: 0962819026 & ISBN-13: 978-0962819025}
Love Is in the Earth: Laying on of Stones {ISBN-10: 0962819018 & ISBN-13: 978-0962819018}

If you do wish your own Copy please visit "This Web Page" to find the cheapest Source on the World Wide Web... {You will need the ISBN number}

About the Author

An internationally known best-selling author, Melody holds a Bachelor of Science and a Master of Arts degree in Mathematics. She is a Scientist whose cultural residence hails from Colorado. Her extensive understanding of the metaphysical and the mineralogical aspects of the Mineral Nation and Kingdom has stimulated and promoted world-wide interest. She has traveled extensively throughout the world, and has been sponsored to conduct numerous comprehensive crystal workshops, private consultations, and awareness seminars.

Healing & Empowerment Stone Sets
Gemstones - Facts, History, Pictures and Folklore
Metaphysical Information about The Quartz Crystals
Metaphysical Information about The Common Gemstones
Metaphysical & Mystical Healing Properties
Metaphysical Properties for Heaven & Earth
Mineralogy Database - Mineralogical Data
Birth Stones
Dynamic Periodic Table

Elemental Lore

Mystical Properties of Some Elementals

Aluminium Antimony Bismuth Black Ochre Brass Bronze
Cadmium Carbon Chromium Cobalt Copper Germanium
Gallium Gold Hydrargyrum, Indium Iridium Iron
Lead Loadstone Magnetite Manganese Mercury Nickel
Osmium Palladium Platinum Plutonium Quicksilver Rhodium
Ruthenium Schungite Shungit Shungite Silver Sulfur
Thallium Tin Titanium Tungsten Uranium Wolfram
Zinc Zirconium

Actinide Elements
Plutonium, Uranium

Earth Elements
Black Ochre, Carbon, Schungite, Shungit, Shungite, Sulfur

Metalloid Elements
Antimony, Germanium

Post Transition Metal Elements
Aluminium, Bismuth, Gallium, Indium, Lead, Tin, Thallium

Transition Metal Elements
Brass, Bronze, Cadmium, Chromium, Cobalt, Copper,
Gold, Hydrargyrum, Iridium Iron, Loadstone, Magnetite,
Manganese, Mercury, Nickel, Osmium, Palladium, Platinum
Quicksilver, Rhodium, Ruthenium, Silver, Titanium, Tungsten,
Uranium, Wolfram, Zinc, Zirconium

Aluminium

Physically Aluminium is a Post Transition Metal element and promotes alkaline metabolic processes. It will help with all problems caused by over-acid conditions, like rheumatism and gout, will decrease excessive acid formation in the stomach. Aluminium supports the absorption of iron in the intestines and normalizes conductivity in the nerves, it helps with symptoms of weakness, slowed down perception, even paralysis.
Psychologically and Emotionally, Aluminium has a very calming effect on nervousness, fears and feelings of guilt. A typical indicator is the feeling of impending madness. Aluminium encourages the facility to express feelings, and releases behavioural patterns of holding onto things as well as holding back. In Addition the desire for change and alteration is stimulated.
Metaphysically, Aluminium helps with the loss of identity, and finding ones self again, in other words, who we truly are and what our task in life should be. It encourages a sense of reality, soberness and alertness at any given moment, and aids in the recognition of the seductions of modern life as the illusions that they are and helps us to deal with them.

Antimony

Antimony is a Metalloid Element and is found in nature mainly as the sulfide mineral stibnite (Sb2S3). Antimony compounds have been known since ancient times and were used for cosmetics; metallic antimony was also known, but it was erroneously identified as lead upon its discovery. In the West, it was first isolated by Vannoccio Biringuccio and described in 1540, although in primitive cultures its powder has been used to cure eye ailments, as also for eye shadow, since time immemorial, and is often referred to by its Arabic name, Kohl.
For some time, China has been the largest producer of Antimony and its compounds, with most production coming from the Xikuangshan Mine in Hunan. The industrial methods to produce antimony are roasting and reduction using carbon or direct reduction of stibnite with iron.
The largest applications for metallic Antimony are as alloying material for lead and tin and for lead antimony plates in lead–acid batteries. Alloying lead and tin with antimony improves the properties of the alloys which are used in solders, bullets and plain bearings. Antimony compounds are prominent additives for chlorine and bromine-containing fire retardants found in many commercial and domestic products. An emerging application is the use of antimony in microelectronics.
Metaphysically, Antimony is one of the metalloids which has been used by humans for magic, metaphysical, practical and healing purposes for the longest time. It is relatively straightforward and like all the metalloids, stimulates thought, expansion, and banishes "construct thinking". Because Antimony has been associated with healing for so long, it has a field of power that makes it useful for healing quests and to find healing answers beyond the ordinary.

Bismuth

Bismuth is a chemical element with symbol Bi and atomic number 83. Bismuth, a pentavalent post-transition metal, chemically resembles arsenic and antimony. Elemental bismuth may occur naturally, although its sulfide and oxide form important commercial ores. The free element is 86% as dense as lead. It is a brittle metal with a silvery white color when freshly produced, but is often seen in air with a pink tinge owing to surface oxidation. Bismuth is the most naturally diamagnetic element, and has one of the lowest values of thermal conductivity among metals.
Bismuth metal has been known since ancient times, although until the 18th century it was often confused with lead and tin, which share some physical properties. The etymology is uncertain, but possibly comes from Arabic bi ismid, meaning having the properties of antimony or German words weiße Masse or Wismuth ("white mass"), translated in the mid-sixteenth century to New Latin bisemutum. Bismuth has long been considered the element with the highest atomic mass that is stable. However, in 2003 it was discovered to be weakly radioactive: its only primordial isotope, bismuth-209, decays via alpha decay with a half life more than a billion times the estimated age of the universe.
Bismuth compounds account for about half the production of bismuth. They are used in cosmetics, pigments, and a few pharmaceuticals, notably bismuth subsalicylate, used to treat diarrhea. Bismuth's unusual propensity to expand upon freezing is responsible for some of its uses, such as in casting of printing type. Bismuth has unusually low toxicity for a heavy metal. As the toxicity of lead has become more apparent in recent years, there is an increasing use of bismuth alloys (presently about a third of bismuth production) as a replacement for lead.
Physically Bismuth is a Post Transition Metal element and has disinfectant and contracting properties, so it is used for injuries and the healing of wounds. In it's mineral form, it enhances the ability to regenerate the mucus membranes and is helpful with gastritis and stomach ulcers.
Psychologically and Emotionally, Bismuth enhances a natural childlike lack of inhibition and a playful attitude towards all life. It helps us to accept our mortal existence when strong aversion to it exists and predominantly a feeling of being lonely and not at home on this planet.
Metaphysically, Bismuth helps us to take up our spiritual development that we had abandoned because of external circumstances and to finally bring them to completion.

Brass

Brass is an alloy/combination of two metals, Zinc (Zn) and Copper (Cu).
The properties inherent within Brass may be located under the entries for Zinc and Copper.

Bronze

Bronze is an alloy/combination of two metals, Tin (Sn) and Copper (Cu).
The properties inherent within Bronze may be located under the entries for Tin and Copper.

Cadmium

Physically Cadmium is a soft, bluish-white metal which is chemically similar to the two other stable metals in group 12, zinc and mercury. Like zinc, it prefers oxidation state +2 in most of its compounds and like mercury it shows a low melting point compared to transition metals. Cadmium and its congeners are not always considered transition metals, in that they do not have partly filled d or f electron shells in the elemental or common oxidation states. The average concentration of cadmium in Earth's crust is between 0.1 and 0.5 parts per million (ppm). It was discovered in 1817 simultaneously by Stromeyer and Hermann, both in Germany, as an impurity in zinc carbonate.
Cadmium occurs as a minor component in most zinc ores and therefore is a byproduct of zinc production. Cadmium was used for a long time as a corrosion-resistant plating on steel and cadmium compounds are used as red, orange and yellow pigments, to color glass and to stabilize plastic. The use of cadmium is generally decreasing due to its toxicity (it is specifically listed in the European Restriction of Hazardous Substances) and the replacement of nickel-cadmium batteries with nickel-metal hydride and lithium-ion batteries. One of its few new uses is in cadmium telluride solar panels. Although cadmium has no known biological function in higher organisms, a cadmium-dependent carbonic anhydrase has been found in marine diatoms.
Metaphysically, Cadmium is on the other side to cobalt in relation to manganese and has a strong resonance to the physical, from where it refracts outward as it transmutes itself and stretches into other dimensions. It is good for a base, and a launch pad to far journeys, providing a grounding or beacon back home, as well as an ongoing "ladder" of unfoldment points to go further and further from home. Good for beginners.

Chromium

Physically Chromium is a Transition Metal element and helps diabetes while it is within it's early stages. It assists the insulin in maintaining equilibrium in blood sugar and the storage of sugar where it should be, within the muscles, not as fat. Chromium stimulates the fat metabolism, lowers cholesterol level and prevents arteriosclerosis. It encourages growth as it influences the formation of the growth hormone HGH.
Chromium has anti-inflammatory properties, particularly within the liver, heart, stomach, kidneys, and intestine. As well as infections of the nose, the nasal passages and the sinuses. It stimulates detox of the organism, lowers acidity and encourages fever as a healing reaction. It regulates the energy and heat levels in the body and soothes pain, particularly in the case of wandering pain and headaches caused by weakness. Chromium helps clear cloudiness in the cornea.
Psychologically and Emotionally, Chromium encourages mental regeneration and healing. It takes away feeling of being under pressure. The richness of the world of ideas and creative imagination can be discovered and versatile ideas and enthusiasm are the result. Chromium brings color into your life.
Metaphysically, Chromium encourages the desire for self-determination and individuality. It stimulates us to discover and develop our own capabilities and to realize those important dreams within our life. Chromium promotes all processes of mental healing.

Cobalt

Like nickel, cobalt in the Earth's crust is found only in chemically combined form, save for small deposits found in alloys of natural meteoric iron. The free element, produced by reductive smelting, is a hard, lustrous, silver-gray metal. Cobalt-based blue pigments (cobalt blue) have been used since ancient times for jewelry and paints, and to impart a distinctive blue tint to glass, but the color was later thought by alchemists to be due to the known metal bismuth. Miners had long used the name kobold ore (German for goblin ore) for some of the blue-pigment producing minerals; they were so named because they were poor in known metals, and gave poisonous arsenic-containing fumes upon smelting. In 1735, such ores were found to be reducible to a new metal (the first discovered since ancient times), and this was ultimately named for the kobold.
Today, some cobalt is produced specifically from various metallic-lustered ores, for example cobaltite (CoAsS), but the main source of the element is as a by-product of copper and nickel mining. The copper belt in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic and Zambia yields most of the cobalt mined worldwide.
Cobalt is primarily used as the metal, in the preparation of magnetic, wear-resistant and high-strength alloys. Its compounds cobalt silicate and cobalt(II) aluminate (CoAl2O4, cobalt blue) give a distinctive deep blue color to glass, ceramics, inks, paints and varnishes. Cobalt occurs naturally as only one stable isotope, cobalt-59. Cobalt-60 is a commercially important radioisotope, used as a radioactive tracer and for the production of high energy gamma rays.
Cobalt is the active center of coenzymes called cobalamins, the most common example of which is vitamin B12. As such it is an essential trace dietary mineral for all animals. Cobalt in inorganic form is also micronutrient for bacteria, algae and fungi.
Physically, Cobalt is a Transition Metal element and increases the formation of red blood corpuscles within the bone marrow through the creation of a hormone in the kidneys. It accelerates maturation and extends the lifespan of blood cells. Cobalt also has the ability of increasing the absorption of iron within the small intestine.
Psychologically and Emotionally, Cobalt, like chromium, enhances a desire for change and new experiences. It awakens curiosity and the joy in living, plus it removes melancholy and the strong yearnings of the soul. It promotes and fosters ones wit and cunning.
Metaphysically, Cobalt helps to develop the view that all spiritual things are imbued with invisible beings. It also promotes recognition of the spiritual universe.

Copper

Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from Latin: cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. A freshly exposed surface of pure copper has a reddish-orange color. It is used as a conductor of heat and electricity, as a building material, and as a constituent of various metal alloys. Copper is found as a pure metal in nature, and this was the source of the first metal to be used by humans, ca. 8,000 BC; it was the first metal to be smelted from its ore, ca. 5,000 BC; it was the first metal to be cast into a shape in a mold, ca. 4,000 BC; and it was the first metal to be purposefully alloyed with another metal, tin, to create bronze, ca. 3,500 BC.
In the Roman era, copper was principally mined on Cyprus, the origin of the name of the metal from aes ?yprium (metal of Cyprus), later corrupted to ?uprum, from which the words copper (English), cuivre (French), Koper (Dutch) and Kupfer (German) are all derived. Its compounds are commonly encountered as copper(II) salts, which often impart blue or green colors to minerals such as azurite, malachite and turquoise and have been widely used historically as pigments. Architectural structures built with copper corrode to give green verdigris (or patina). Decorative art prominently features copper, both by itself and in the form of pigments.
Physically, Copper is a Transition Metal element and promotes the absorption of Iron within the small intestine and triggers the transformation of stored iron into a form that can be more easily transported by the blood. It acts as a catalyst in formation of haemoglobin and formation of the enzymes that keep our blood vessels elastic. Copper promotes the development of female sexual organs and helps with menstruation problems. Copper promotes cell growth, cell respiration and pigmentation of hair and skin. The greatest concentration of copper are in the liver, brain and blood it stimulates all their activities, effective in lowering a temperature and loosening cramps, anti-inflammatory and detoxification.
Psychologically and Emotionally, Copper increases dream activity and promotes the remembrance of the inner world of pictures and imagination as well as our creative world as a result of it. Copper develops creative imagination and dissolves mental confusion. It creates neutrality and the balancing of our mood and the free expression of our feelings. Copper makes it possible to live out our imagination and enjoy our senses and sexuality.
Metaphysically, Copper encourages a sense of aesthetics and beauty, as well as the development of spiritual culture. It fortifies a sense of justice, promotes friendship and love towards all beings.

Gallium

Gallium is a Post Transition Metal element. Elemental gallium does not occur in free form in nature, but as the gallium(III) compounds that exist in trace amounts in zinc ores and in bauxite. Gallium is a soft, silvery metal, and elemental gallium is a brittle solid at low temperatures, and melts at 29.76 °C (85.57 °F) (slightly above room temperature). The melting point of gallium is used as a temperature reference point. The alloy galinstan (68.5% gallium, 21.5% indium, and 10% tin) has an even lower melting point of -19 °C (-2 °F), well below the freezing point of water. Since its discovery in 1875, gallium has been used as an agent to make alloys that melt at low temperatures. It has also been useful in semiconductors, including as a dopant.
Gallium is predominantly used in electronics. Gallium arsenide, the primary chemical compound of gallium in electronics, is used in microwave circuits, high-speed switching circuits, and infrared circuits. Semiconductive gallium nitride and indium gallium nitride produce blue and violet light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and diode lasers. Gallium is also used in the production of artificial gadolinium gallium garnet for jewelry.
Gallium has no known natural role in biology. Gallium(III) behaves in a similar manner to ferric salts in biological systems and has been used in some medical applications, including pharmaceuticals and radiopharmaceuticals. Gallium thermometers are manufactured as an eco-friendly alternative to mercury thermometers.
Gallium challenges our idea of the established and asks us to let go of preconceptions, stretching our receptive abilities to discover the truth about reality, which is always multi-dimensional. Working with gallium increases intelligence, systemic thinking and reduces fear of the unknown.

Germanium

Germanium is a Metalloid Element and is used as a semiconductor in transistors and various other electronic devices. Historically the first decade of the semiconductor electronic industry was based entirely on germanium. However today, its production for use within semiconductor electronics is a small fraction of the industryl It has been largely replaced by ultra-high purity silicon. Presently, germanium's major end uses are in fibre-optic systems, infrared optics and in solar cell applications. Germanium compounds are also used for polymerization catalysts and have most recently found use in the production of nanowires. This element forms a large number of organometallic compounds, such as tetraethylgermane, which are useful in organometallic chemistry.
Germanium is not thought to be an essential element for any living organism. Some complex organic germanium compounds are being investigated as possible pharmaceuticals, though none of them, have as yet proven to be successful. Similar to silicon and aluminum, natural germanium compounds tend to be insoluble in water, and thus have little oral toxicity. However, synthetic soluble germanium salts are nephrotoxic, and synthetic chemically reactive germanium compounds with halogens and hydrogen are irritants and toxins.
Metaphysically, Germanium is an excellent metalloid for stimulation of finding the truth beyond the form and is therefore a particularly useful addition to truth potions, and to cut through mental confusions and prejudices.

Gold

Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au (from Latin: aurum) and atomic number 79. In its purest form, it is a bright, slightly reddish yellow, dense, soft, malleable and ductile metal. Chemically, gold is a transition metal and a group 11 element. It is one of the least reactive chemical elements, and is solid under standard conditions. The metal therefore occurs often in free elemental (native) form, as nuggets or grains, in rocks, in veins and in alluvial deposits. It occurs in a solid solution series with the native element silver (as electrum) and also naturally alloyed with copper and palladium. Less commonly, it occurs in minerals as gold compounds, often with tellurium (gold tellurides).
Gold's atomic number of 79 makes it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally in the universe. It is thought to have been produced in supernova nucleosynthesis and from the collision of neutron stars and to have been present in the dust from which the Solar System formed. Because the Earth was molten when it was just formed, almost all of the gold present in the early Earth probably sank into the planetary core. Therefore, most of the gold that is present today in the Earth's crust and mantle is thought to have been delivered to Earth later, by asteroid impacts during the Late Heavy Bombardment, about 4 billion years ago.
Gold resists attack by individual acids, but aqua regia (literally "royal water", a mixture of nitric acid and hydrochloric acid) can dissolve it. The acid mixture causes the formation of a soluble tetrachloroaurate anion. It is insoluble in nitric acid, which dissolves silver and base metals, a property that has long been used to refine gold and to confirm the presence of gold in metallic objects, giving rise to the term acid test. Gold also dissolves in alkaline solutions of cyanide, which are used in mining and electroplating. Gold dissolves in mercury, forming amalgam alloys, but this is not a chemical reaction.
Gold is a precious metal used for coinage, jewelry, and other arts throughout recorded history. In the past, a gold standard was often implemented as a monetary policy within and between nations, but gold coins ceased to be minted as a circulating currency in the 1930s, and the world gold standard was abandoned for a fiat currency system after 1976. The historical value of gold was rooted in its relative rarity, easy handling and minting, easy smelting and fabrication, resistance to corrosion and other chemical reactions (nobility), and distinctive color.
Physically, Gold is a Transition Metal element and promotes the distribution of energy and vitality in the body. It is 'warming' and promotes a well functioning circulation. It helps with problems and diseases of the sexual organs, supports functioning of glands, assists healing damage to bones and tissues. Regulates conduction of impulses in the nervous system.
Psychologically and Emotionally, Gold helps us out of depression, fear of death, and in severe cases, inclination to commit suicide. It gives self -confidence and confers self-consciousness, releases destructive influences.
Metaphysically, Gold brings forth our innermost core, our essence to light, gives meaning to life, enables realization of good deeds and projects. Represents generosity and magnanimity.

Indium

Physically, Indium is a post-transition metallic element that is rare in Earth's crust. The metal is very soft, malleable and easily fusible, with a melting point higher than Sodium, but lower than Lithium or Tin. Chemically, Indium is similar to Gallium and Thallium, and it is largely intermediate between the two in terms of its properties. It has no obvious role in biological processes and common compounds are not toxic. It is most notably used in low melting point metal alloys such as solders, in soft metal high vacuum seals, and in the production of transparent conductive coatings of Indium tin oxide (ITO) on glass.
Metaphysically, Indium has properties which are of little use in the environments we are familiar with - but on far journeys, its existence becomes more strongly revealed, as do its purposes. Use Indium for meditations of the true unknown, the unfamiliar, and to expand consciousness. Indium can be used as a guide towards the Akashic records, and Indra's web.

Iridium

Iridium is a Transition Metallic Element and ia a very hard, brittle, silvery-white metal of the platinum group, iridium is generally credited with being the second densest element (after osmium) based on measured density, although calculations involving the lattices of the elements show that iridium is denser. It is also the most corrosion-resistant metal, even at temperatures as high as 2000 °C. Although only certain molten salts and halogens are corrosive to solid iridium, finely divided iridium dust is much more reactive and can be flammable.
Iridium was discovered in 1803 among insoluble impurities in natural platinum. Smithson Tennant, the primary discoverer, named iridium for the Greek goddess Iris, personification of the rainbow, because of the striking and diverse colors of its salts. Iridium is one of the rarest elements in Earth's crust, with annual production and consumption of only three tonnes. 191Ir and 193Ir are the only two naturally occurring isotopes of iridium, as well as the only stable isotopes; the latter is the more abundant of the two.
The most important iridium compounds in use are the salts and acids it forms with chlorine, though iridium also forms a number of organometallic compounds used in industrial catalysis, and in research. Iridium metal is employed when high corrosion resistance at high temperatures is needed, as in high-performance spark plugs, crucibles for recrystallization of semiconductors at high temperatures, and electrodes for the production of chlorine in the chloralkali process. Iridium radioisotopes are used in some radioisotope thermoelectric generators.
Iridium is found in meteorites with an abundance much higher than its average abundance in Earth's crust. For this reason, the unusually high abundance of iridium in the clay layer at the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary gave rise to the Alvarez hypothesis that the impact of a massive extraterrestrial object caused the extinction of dinosaurs and many other species 66 million years ago. Similarly, an iridium anomaly in core samples from the Pacific Ocean suggested the Eltanin impact of about 2.5 million years ago.
It is thought that the total amount of iridium in the planet Earth is much higher than that observed in crustal rocks, but as with other platinum-group metals, the high density and tendency of iridium to bond with iron caused most iridium to descend below the crust when the planet was young and still molten.
Metaphysically, Iridium is the crucible metal and it is all about staying true to oneself in changing circumstances or even in hell itself. Iridium is helpful when absolute resolve is required; and through this resolve remaining steady, the environment becomes changed instead. A great seed component of energy magic potions that require a miracle to bring about the desired outcome.

Iron

Iron is a metal in the first transition series. It is by mass the most common element on Earth, forming much of Earth's outer and inner core. It is the fourth most common element in the Earth's crust. Its abundance in rocky planets like Earth is due to its abundant production by fusion in high-mass stars, where the production of nickel-56 (which decays to the most common isotope of iron) is the last nuclear fusion reaction that is exothermic. Consequently, radioactive nickel is the last element to be produced before the violent collapse of a supernova scatters precursor radionuclide of iron into space.
Like other group 8 elements, iron exists in a wide range of oxidation states, -2 to +6, although +2 and +3 are the most common. Elemental iron occurs in meteoroids and other low oxygen environments, but is reactive to oxygen and water. Fresh iron surfaces appear lustrous silvery-gray, but oxidize in normal air to give hydrated iron oxides, commonly known as rust. Unlike many other metals which form passivating oxide layers, iron oxides occupy more volume than the metal and thus flake off, exposing fresh surfaces for corrosion.
Iron metal has been used since ancient times, although copper alloys, which have lower melting temperatures, were used even earlier in human history. Pure iron is relatively soft, but is unobtainable by smelting. The material is significantly hardened and strengthened by impurities, in particular carbon, from the smelting process. A certain proportion of carbon (between 0.002% and 2.1%) produces steel, which may be up to 1000 times harder than pure iron. Crude iron metal is produced in blast furnaces, where ore is reduced by coke to pig iron, which has a high carbon content. Further refinement with oxygen reduces the carbon content to the correct proportion to make steel. Steels and low carbon iron alloys along with other metals (alloy steels) are by far the most common metals in industrial use, due to their great range of desirable properties and the widespread abundance of iron-bearing rock.
Iron chemical compounds have many uses. Iron oxide mixed with aluminium powder can be ignited to create a thermite reaction, used in welding and purifying ores. Iron forms binary compounds with the halogens and the chalcogens. Among its organometallic compounds is ferrocene, the first sandwich compound discovered. Iron plays an important role in biology, forming complexes with molecular oxygen in hemoglobin and myoglobin; these two compounds are common oxygen transport proteins in vertebrates. Iron is also the metal at the active site of many important redox enzymes dealing with cellular respiration and oxidation and reduction in plants and animals. A human male of average height has about 4 grams of iron in his body, a female about 3.5 grams. These 3-4 grams are distributed throughout the body in hemoglobin, tissues, muscles, bone marrow, blood proteins, enzymes, ferritin, hemosiderin, and transport in plasma.
Psychologically and Emotionally, Iron has a stimulating, activating effect, encourages activity, initiative, dynamism, endurance, willpower,ability to assert ourselves, and the ability to be enthusiastic about something. Iron promotes the Warrior side of us, the urge to research, discover and conquer. It also promotes an upright attitude and honesty.
Metaphysically, Iron promotes inner calm and makes us unchallengeable. It will purify consciousness of painful and unpleasant contents, gives alertness and deepens meditations. Iron also stimulates the mental processing of perceptions and experiences, thereby helping complete unfinished cycles.

Lead

Lead is a chemical element in the carbon group with symbol Pb (from Latin: plumbum) and atomic number 82. It is a soft, malleable and heavy Post Transition Metal element. Freshly cut, solid lead has a bluish-white color that soon tarnishes to a dull grayish color when exposed to air; the liquid metal has shiny chrome-silver luster. Lead has the highest atomic number of any non-radioactive element (two radioactive elements, namely technetium and promethium, are lighter), although the next higher element, bismuth, has one isotope with a half-life that is so long (over one billion times the estimated age of the universe) that it can be considered stable. Lead's four stable isotopes each have 82 protons, a magic number in the nuclear shell model of atomic nuclei. The isotope lead-208 also has 126 neutrons, another magic number, and is hence double magic, a property that grants it enhanced stability: lead-208 is the heaviest known stable nuclide.
Lead is used in building construction, lead-acid batteries, bullets and shot, weights, as part of solders, pewters, fusible alloys, and as a radiation shield.
Physically, Lead stimulates the elimination of heavy metals in the body, in this way helping with disease in the organs affected by harmful substances, particularly the stomach, the intestine, blood and nerves. It helps with dehydration, sclerosis, stone formation in organs loss of weight, muscular atrophy and severe localized pain.
Psychologically and Emotionally, Lead promotes joy in living, particularly when we are depressed by a personal or emotional situation that seems to be hopeless, the feeling of as heavy as lead. It stops compulsions, delusions, hallucinations and obsessions and helps us to release ourselves from restrictive habits and oppressive dogmas.
Metaphysically, Lead promotes life with structure and encourages self control, a sense of duty, constancy and loyalty.

Magnetite

Magnetite is a crystalline mineral that forms within metamorphic, igneous, and sedimentary rocks. It is found in at least small quantities almost the world over but is mined mainly in Austria, South Africa, Switzerland, and the United States (Arkansas, Franklin, New Jersey, Utah, Vermont).
The most common colors of magnetite are black, brown and gray and it tends to have a metallic color of an almost glass like appearance. The form it takes is somewhat dependant on the quantities it is found in. When found mixed with other minerals or stones, it tends to form as grains or crusts, but when found in large quantities it often take the shape of octahedrons, rhombidodecahedrons, crystals and dendrites, but can also be masses of granular formations.
Magnetite is strongly magnetic and while science tends to see magnetite and lodestone as the same stone, the metaphysical community sees them as 2 different stones. The difference being that lodestone has a specific polarity within its magnetism and magnetite does not have a specific polarity. From a metaphysical standpoint, lodestone has the characteristics of magnetite, plus characteristics that are unique to it alone.
Among the many metaphysical properties of magnetite, it is perhaps best known as a stone of manifestation. It's magnetite properties attract and capture things, much as if you had tossed out a net and captured the things you wanted or needed in your life. If you are lacking anything in your life, whether it be a material item or an emotional need that has not been filled or is lacking in your life; magnetite can help draw it to you.
Many people speak of using magnetite to align the chakras and while it may help to align the chakras, its effect is only temporary in nature. In most cases, they are actually using lodestone which is much better at chakra alignment and its effect is of a more lasting duration.
Magnetite is a grounding stone, but instead of just grounding out negativity, it serves as a connection to the energies of the earth and other worlds, allowing an exchange of energies with the negative aspects of the unwanted energies being removed from the body and aura and then being replaced by the positive aspect of the same energy (an ability not possessed by Lodestone).
This is somewhat unique in grounding stones, allowing for exchanges such as ridding the body of the stress associated with fear while replacing that negative with the positive of being quick thinking and acting in a fearful situation.
Magnetite has been used in amulets and talisman's since ancient times as a strong protection stone. It's connection with the earth provides the bearer with a magnification of their positive aspects needed most when protection is needed, such as enhanced endurance, the tenacity to keep going and the right words and actions to take to help to remove yourself from the unwanted situation.
Crystal healers use magnetite for situations and illnesses such as any type of disorder of the blood and or circulatory system. It can help to prevent excess bleeding or bruising and is often taped to the injury site after a fall to help reduce or prevent bruises from forming. In the case of nose bleed, placing a magnetite on each side of the nose has been used to help stop nose bleeds. It has also been used to alleviate pain and boost the immune system.
Persons who suffer from any type of nervous system disorder, especially those that result in the nervous extremes such as severe agitation or severe depression, often find relief by spending time with a Magnetite stone. Meditation while holding a magnetite can help one to connect with the universal energies to not just ease what causes the extremes but to also allow one to see how to prevent the situations that caused the original problems.

Manganese

Manganese is a Transition Metal element that is not found as a free element in nature; it is often found in minerals in combination with iron. Manganese is a metal with important industrial metal alloy uses, particularly in stainless steels.
Historically, Manganese is named for various black minerals (such as pyrolusite) from the same region of Magnesia in Greece which gave names to similar-sounding magnesium, Mg, and magnetite, an ore of the element iron, Fe. By the mid-18th century, Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele had used pyrolusite to produce chlorine. Scheele and others were aware that pyrolusite (now known to be manganese dioxide) contained a new element, but they were unable to isolate it. Johan Gottlieb Gahn was the first to isolate an impure sample of Manganese metal in 1774, which he did by reducting the dioxide with carbon.
Manganese phosphating is used for rust and corrosion prevention on steel. Ionized magnesium is used industrially as pigments of various colors, which depend on the oxidation state of the ions. The permanganates of alkali and alkaline earth metals are powerful oxidizers. Manganese dioxide is used as the cathode (electron acceptor) material in zinc-carbon and alkaline batteries.
In biology, Manganese ions function as cofactors for a large variety of enzymes with many functions. Manganese enzymes are particularly essential in detoxification of superoxide free radicals in organisms that must deal with elemental oxygen. Manganese also functions in the oxygen-evolving complex of photosynthetic plants. The element is a required trace mineral for all known living organisms but is a neurotoxin. In larger amounts, and apparently with far greater effectiveness through inhalation, it can cause a poisoning in mammals with neurological damage that is sometimes irreversible.
Metaphysically, Manganese has interesting effects on its environment and belongs to the group of metals used in shape shifting. Because of its ability to both deflect and refract light and energy, it is a flexible shield maker and strengthener, an ally to the traveller.

Mercury

Mercury is a Transition Metal element that is commonly known as Quicksilver and was formerly named Hydrargyrum. A heavy, silvery d-block element, mercury is the only metallic element that is liquid at standard conditions for temperature and pressure; the only other element that is liquid under these conditions is bromine, though metals such as caesium, gallium, and rubidium melt just above room temperature.
Mercury occurs in deposits throughout the world mostly as cinnabar (mercuric sulfide). The red pigment vermilion is obtained by grinding natural cinnabar or synthetic mercuric sulfide
Mercury is used in thermometers, barometers, manometers, sphygmomanometers, float valves, mercury switches, mercury relays, fluorescent lamps and other devices, though concerns about the element's toxicity have led to mercury thermometers and sphygmomanometers being largely phased out in clinical environments in favor of alternatives such as alcohol- or galinstan-filled glass thermometers and thermistor- or infrared-based electronic instruments. Likewise, mechanical pressure gauges and electronic strain gauge sensors have replaced mercury sphygmomanometers. Mercury remains in use in scientific research applications and in amalgam for dental restoration in some locales. It is used in fluorescent lighting. Electricity passed through mercury vapor in a fluorescent lamp produces short-wave ultraviolet light which then causes the phosphor in the tube to fluoresce, making visible light.
Metaphysically, Mercury is essentially a flow of crystals, a crystal river that is constantly reflecting what is and what is to be. Extremely active and impactful at the multi-level, mercury has many applications from change, via transdimensional transportation of consciousness to being a perfect choice for a magic mirror.

Nickel

Nickel is a hard and ductile Transition Metal element that Physically is a silvery-white lustrous metal with a slight golden tinge. Pure nickel shows a significant chemical activity that can be observed when nickel is powdered to maximize the exposed surface area on which reactions can occur. But the larger pieces of the metal are slow to react with air at ambient conditions due to the formation of a protective oxide surface. Even then, nickel is reactive enough with oxygen that native nickel is rarely found on Earth's surface, being mostly confined to the interiors of larger nickel–iron meteorites that were protected from oxidation during their time in space. On Earth, such native nickel is found in combination with iron, a reflection of those elements' origin as major end products of supernova nucleosynthesis. An iron–nickel mixture is thought to compose Earth's inner core. Pure native nickel is found in tiny amounts, usually in ultramafic rocks.
The use of nickel (the natural meteoric nickel–iron alloy) has been traced as far back as 3500 BCE. Nickel was first isolated and classified as a chemical element in 1751 by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt, who initially mistook its ore for a copper mineral. The element's name comes from a mischievous sprite of German miner mythology, Nickel (similar to Old Nick), that personified the fact that copper-nickel ores resisted refinement into copper. An economically important source of nickel is the iron ore limonite, which often contains 1–2% nickel. Nickel's other important ore minerals include garnierite, and pentlandite. Major production sites include the Sudbury region in Canada (which is thought to be of meteoric origin), New Caledonia in the Pacific, and Norilsk in Russia.
Physically, Nickel promotes the absorption and utilization of iron. It promotes the activity of the liver and detoxification of the organism. Nickel helps with pain that arises periodically, like headaches.
Psychologically and Emotionally, Nickel promotes a feeling of security and worth within us and helps with our fearfulness, sadness and irritability. It helps with letting go of oppressive images, like recurring nightmares. Nickel fortifies the power of regeneration.
Metaphysically, Nickel promotes creativity and inventiveness. Nickel keeps us young mentally and encourages a playful nature.

Osmium

Osmium has a blue-gray tint and is the densest stable element, slightly denser than iridium. Calculations of density from the X-ray diffraction data may produce the most reliable data for these elements, giving a value of 22.562±0.009 g/cm3 for iridium versus 22.587±0.009 g/cm3 for osmium.
Osmium is a hard but brittle metal that remains lustrous even at high temperatures. It has a very low compressibility. Correspondingly, its bulk modulus is extremely high, reported between 395 and 462 GPa, which rivals that of diamond (443 GPa). The hardness of osmium is moderately high at 4 GPa. Because of its hardness, brittleness, low vapor pressure (the lowest of the platinum group metals), and very high melting point (the fourth highest of all elements), solid osmium is difficult to machine, form, or work.
Metaphysically, Osmium is the metal of endurance beyond reason and strength beyond expectation. Adding the essence of osmium to a potion will evoke the vast reserves of strength which lie within each of us, but which we rarely, if ever, reach or tap.

Palladium

Palladium is a Transition Metal element that is a rare and lustrous silvery-white metal discovered in 1803 by William Hyde Wollaston. He named it after the asteroid Pallas, which was itself named after the epithet of the Greek goddess Athena, acquired by her when she slew Pallas. Palladium, platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium and osmium form a group of elements referred to as the platinum group metals (PGMs). These have similar chemical properties, but palladium has the lowest melting point and is the least dense of them.
Over half of the supply of palladium and its congener platinum goes into catalytic converters, which convert up to 90% of the harmful gases from the auto exhaust (hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen dioxide) into less-harmful substances (nitrogen, carbon dioxide and water vapor). Palladium is also used in electronics, dentistry, medicine, hydrogen purification, chemical applications, groundwater treatment and jewelry. Palladium plays a key role in the technology used for fuel cells, which combine hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity, heat, and water.
Ore deposits of palladium and other PGMs are rare, and the most extensive deposits have been found in the norite belt of the Bushveld Igneous Complex covering the Transvaal Basin in South Africa, the Stillwater Complex in Montana, United States, the Thunder Bay District of Ontario, Canada, and the Norilsk Complex in Russia. Recycling is a major source of palladium, mostly from scrapped catalytic converters. The numerous applications and limited supply sources of palladium result in the metal attracting considerable investment interest.
Metaphysically, Palladium is the metal of guardianship on the highest levels. Not a protector or a teacher, but a stable champion and a friend to keep grounded even when travelling very far from home.

Platinum

Platinum is a Transition Metal element that is a dense, malleable, ductile, highly unreactive, precious, gray-white metal. Its name is derived from the Spanish term platina, which is literally translated into "little silver". Platinum is a member of the platinum group of elements and group 10 of the periodic table of elements. It has six naturally occurring isotopes. It is one of the rarer elements in Earth's crust with an average abundance of approximately 5 µg/kg. It occurs in some nickel and copper ores along with some native deposits, mostly in South Africa, which accounts for 80% of the world production. Because of its scarcity in Earth's crust, only a few hundred tonnes are produced annually, and given its important uses, it is highly valuable and is a major precious metal commodity.
Platinum is one of the least reactive metals. It has remarkable resistance to corrosion, even at high temperatures, and is therefore considered a noble metal. Consequently, platinum is often found chemically uncombined as native platinum. Because it occurs naturally in the alluvial sands of various rivers, it was first used by pre-Columbian South American natives to produce artifacts. It was referenced in European writings as early as 16th century, but it was not until Antonio de Ulloa published a report on a new metal of Colombian origin in 1748 that it began to be investigated by scientists.
Platinum is used in catalytic converters, laboratory equipment, electrical contacts and electrodes, platinum resistance thermometers, dentistry equipment, and jewelry. Being a heavy metal, it leads to health issues upon exposure to its salts, but due to its corrosion resistance, it is not as toxic as some metals. Compounds containing platinum, such as cisplatin, oxaliplatin and carboplatin, are applied in chemotherapy against certain types of cancer.
Metaphysically, Platinum has been called the "solid wisdom metal". It has a time attribute similar to lead which gives it extra dimensionality and a viewpoint of the wisdom of hindsight (or foresight). Platinum is an excellent metal for soul meditations and to help find and keep on a true road in this lifetime.

Plutonium

Plutonium is a transuranic radioactive chemical element with symbol Pu and atomic number 94. It is an actinide metal of silvery-gray appearance that tarnishes when exposed to air, and forms a dull coating when oxidized. The element normally exhibits six allotropes and four oxidation states. It reacts with carbon, halogens, nitrogen, silicon and hydrogen. When exposed to moist air, it forms oxides and hydrides that expand the sample up to 70% in volume, which in turn flake off as a powder that is pyrophoric. It is radioactive and can accumulate in bones, which makes the handling of plutonium dangerous.
Plutonium was first produced and isolated on December 14, 1940 by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg, Joseph W. Kennedy, Edwin M. McMillan, and Arthur C. Wahl by deuteron bombardment of Uranium-238 in the 60-inch cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. They first synthesized neptunium-238 (half-life 2.1 days) which subsequently beta-decayed to form a new heavier element with atomic number 94 and atomic weight 238 (half-life 87.7 years). It was fitting that element 94 be named after the next planetoid, Pluto following the precedents that Uranium was named after the planet Uranus and neptunium after the planet Neptune. Wartime secrecy prevented them from announcing the discovery until 1948. Plutonium is the heaviest primordial element by virtue of its most stable isotope, plutonium-244, whose half-life of about 80 million years is just long enough for the element to be found in trace quantities in nature. Plutonium is much more common on Earth since 1945 as a product of neutron capture and beta decay, where some of the neutrons released by the fission process convert Uranium-238 nuclei into plutonium-239.
Both plutonium-239 and plutonium-241 are fissile, meaning that they can sustain a nuclear chain reaction, leading to applications in nuclear weapons and nuclear reactors. Plutonium-240 exhibits a high rate of spontaneous fission, raising the neutron flux of any sample containing it. The presence of plutonium-240 limits a plutonium sample's usability for weapons or its quality as reactor fuel, and the percentage of plutonium-240 determines its grade (weapons-grade, fuel-grade, or reactor-grade). Plutonium-238 has a half-life of 88 years and emits alpha particles. It is a heat source in radioisotope thermoelectric generators, which are used to power some spacecraft. Plutonium isotopes are expensive and inconvenient to separate, so particular isotopes are usually manufactured in specialized reactors.
Producing plutonium in useful quantities for the first time was a major part of the Manhattan Project during World War II that developed the first atomic bombs. The Fat Man bombs used in the Trinity nuclear test in July 1945, and in the bombing of Nagasaki in August 1945, had plutonium cores. Human radiation experiments studying plutonium were conducted without informed consent, and several criticality accidents, some lethal, occurred after the war. Disposal of plutonium waste from nuclear power plants and dismantled nuclear weapons built during the Cold War is a nuclear-proliferation and environmental concern. Other sources of plutonium in the environment are fallout from numerous above-ground nuclear tests, now banned.
Metaphysically, Plutonium is alive, active and extremely complex. If the energy magician can escape from previous entrainments about this metal and then adapt, the ability of plutonium to interact with the environment and cause it to change is an extremely powerful change catalyst and a great bringer of change, indeed.

Rhodium

Rhodium is a chemical element with symbol Rh and atomic number 45. It is a rare, silvery-white, hard, and chemically inert transition metal. It is a member of the platinum group. It has only one naturally occurring isotope, 103Rh. Naturally occurring rhodium is usually found as the free metal, alloyed with similar metals, and rarely as a chemical compound in minerals such as bowieite and rhodplumsite. It is one of the rarest and most valuable precious metals.
Rhodium is a noble metal, resistant to corrosion, found in platinum- or nickel ores together with the other members of the platinum group metals. It was discovered in 1803 by William Hyde Wollaston in one such ore, and named for the rose color of one of its chlorine compounds, produced after it reacted with the powerful acid mixture aqua regia.
The element's major use (approximately 80% of world rhodium production) is as one of the catalysts in the three-way catalytic converters in automobiles. Because rhodium metal is inert against corrosion and most aggressive chemicals, and because of its rarity, rhodium is usually alloyed with platinum or palladium and applied in high-temperature and corrosion-resistive coatings. White gold is often plated with a thin rhodium layer to improve its appearance while sterling silver is often rhodium-plated for tarnish resistance.
Metaphysically, Rhodium is the metal of achievement beyond earthly wealth, power and respect. Meditations and potions invoking rhodium have the power to move the world in a very different way.

Ruthenium

Ruthenium is a chemical element with symbol Ru and atomic number 44. It is a rare transition metal belonging to the platinum group of the periodic table. Like the other metals of the platinum group, Ruthenium is inert to most other chemicals. The Baltic German scientist Karl Ernst Claus discovered the element in 1844, and named it after his homeland, the Russian Empire (one of Russia's Latin names is Ruthenia). Ruthenium usually occurs as a minor component of platinum ores; annual production is about 20 tonnes. Most Ruthenium produced is used for wear-resistant electrical contacts and the production of thick-film resistors. A minor application of Ruthenium is its use in some platinum alloys, and as a catalyst.
Metaphysically, Ruthenium is an interesting metal which in and of itself isn't that strong, but lends strength when added to gold or platinum. For energy magic, Ruthenium can be a good choice when we need a catalyst to lift existing strengths and qualities to the next level.

Shungite

If you "Goggle" Carbon Shingite will appear, It is only one of the two Earth elements.
Shungite is also known as Shungit, Schungite, Black Ochre, "Stone of Life".
Shungite has electric conductivity properties. This is said to be the reason for one of Shungite's most notable uses are within shielding and protection from EMF electromagnetic radiation from things like TVs, computers, microwaves, cell phones, and other items. This shielding brings with it many healing energies.
Shungite is used by many for purification. This often takes the form of creating an elixir or purifying water for drinking or bathing the skin to bring about healing and energy. Springs near the source of Shungite have been used at least as far back as Czar Peter the Great for its healing properties.
Shungite is an excellent stone for magickal, metaphysical and mystical work. It grounds spiritual energy and brings it into the corporal (Earth plane) existence. Shungite is also used to bring Light into the auric energy field, allowing positive energy only to reach within that field. This brings not only physical protection, but also psychic protection. It is said to be protection against the evil eye and negative energies.
Shungite is said to calm and relax anyone using or near it. This may be due to its protective energies and rejection of negative energy.
Shungite is used in crystal healing and local folk healing for the immune system, hair growth, skin diseases and deformations, antioxidants, fight free radicals, cancer, rheumatic arthritis, osteoarthritis, musculoskeletal disorders, liver disease, kidney disease, GI problems, headaches, insomnia, back pain and spinal problems, balancing blood pressure to ideal level, respiratory issues, infections, purify blood, minor headaches, protection against electromagnetic radiation issues, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, pain relief, rapid healing and more. It is considered by many to be a miracle healing stone.
Rock Lore: Shungite is believed to be over 2 billion years old. It is the only crystal known to naturally contain fullerenes also known as Buckyballs, a hollow carbon structure which is said to give Shungite its healing properties.

Silver

Silver is the metallic element with the atomic number 47. Its symbol is Ag, from the Latin argentum, from a PIE root reconstructed as *h2er?-, "grey" or "shining". A soft, white, lustrous transition metal, it however, possesses the highest electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and reflectivity of any metal. The metal occurs naturally in its pure, free form (native silver), as an alloy with gold and other metals, and in minerals such as argentite and chlorargyrite. Most silver is produced as a byproduct of copper, gold, lead, and zinc refining.
Silver has long been valued as a precious metal. More abundant than gold, silver metal has functioned in many premodern monetary systems as coinable specie, sometimes even alongside gold. Its purity is typically measured on a per-mille basis; a 94%-pure alloy is described as "0.940 fine". In addition, silver has numerous applications beyond currency, such as in solar panels, water filtration, jewelry and ornaments, high-value tableware and utensils (hence the term silverware), and also as an investment in the forms of coins and bullion. Silver is used industrially in electrical contacts and conductors, in specialized mirrors, window coatings and in catalysis of chemical reactions. Its compounds are used in photographic film and X-rays. Dilute silver nitrate solutions and other silver compounds are used as disinfectants and microbiocides (oligodynamic effect), added to bandages and wound-dressings, catheters and other medical instruments.
Physically, Silver is a Transition Metal element and appears 'cooling' and directs heat and pain away, a typical indication would be the inability to tolerate the heat. It stimulates the vegetative nervous system, helps harnonize the functioning of the inner organs and encourages fertility in women. By balancing the functioning of the organs, many types of headaches, particularly left-sided ones, are dissolved. Silver stimulates the activity of body fluids, improves health of skin and ability to cope with light, fortifies the ability to see, and the sense of balance, gets rid of dizziness.
Psychologically and Emotionally, Silver releases the emotions and encourages proper expression of feelings. It promotes generosity and empathy. Silver helps us become more flexible mentally and remain so. Furthermore, enabling one to let go of influences and dependencies, particularly if these go hand in hand with feelings of helplessness. The imagination and the ability to visualize are all stimulated by silver. It also helps maintain control and balance on a psychic level.
Metaphysically, Silver promotes the receptive, mediumistic side of our nature. It encourages a sense of community and an interest in traditional values. Silver also enhances the ability to see varying qualities of light and to harmonize inner life rhythms with the cycles of nature.

Sulfur

Sulfur or sulphur is an abundant, multivalent non-metal and only one of the two Earth elements. Under normal conditions, sulfur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with chemical formula S8. Elemental sulfur is a bright yellow crystalline solid at room temperature. Chemically, sulfur reacts with all elements except for gold, platinum, iridium, nitrogen, tellurium, iodine and the noble gases.
Elemental sulfur occurs naturally, but most commonly occurs in combined forms as sulfide and sulfate minerals. Being abundant in native form, sulfur was known in ancient times, being mentioned for its uses in ancient India, ancient Greece, China, and Egypt. In the Bible, sulfur is called brimstone. Today, almost all elemental sulfur is produced as a byproduct of removing sulfur-containing contaminants from natural gas and petroleum. The greatest commercial use of the element is the production of sulfuric acid for sulfate and phosphate fertilizers, and other chemical processes. The element sulfur is used in matches, insecticides, and fungicides.
Many sulfur compounds are odoriferous, and the smells of odorized natural gas, skunk scent, grapefruit, and garlic are due to organosulfur compounds. Hydrogen sulfide gives the characteristic odor to rotting eggs and other biological processes.
Sulfur is an essential element for all life, but almost always in the form of organosulfur compounds or metal sulfides. Three amino acids (cysteine, cystine, and methionine) and two vitamins (biotin and thiamine) are organosulfur compounds. Many cofactors also contain sulfur including glutathione and thioredoxin and iron–sulfur proteins. Disulfides, S–S bonds, confer mechanical strength and insolubility of the protein keratin, found in outer skin, hair, and feathers. Elemental sulfur is not common in higher forms of life, but is both a product and an oxidant for various bacteria.
Sulfur is a crystalline solid element found as a sublimate from volcanic gasses associated with Realgar, Cinnabar and other minerals. It is also found in some vein deposits and as an alteration product of sulphide minerals, and in hot springs. Sulfur is historically referred to as 'brimstone' probably due to the association with an odour of rotten eggs. Sulfur crystals do not usually give off an odor, but you should not come into contact with liquid, and strict handling precautions should be observed. The rich yellow color of Sulfur crystals make this an attractive collectors specimen.
Metaphysically, Sulfur stimulates the solar plexus Chakra and is particularly useful in balancing this Chakra and absorbing negativity held within any Chakra.
Sulfur acts on the will, calming excessive willfulness, stubbornness and assisting one to see the truth of their situation in the face of willful blindness. Sulfur can assist those with a 'short fuse' find the pause button.

Thallium

Physically, This soft gray post-transition metal is not found free in nature. When isolated, it resembles tin, but discolors when exposed to air. Chemists William Crookes and Claude-Auguste Lamy discovered thallium independently in 1861, in residues of sulfuric acid production. Both used the newly developed method of flame spectroscopy, in which thallium produces a notable green spectral line. Thallium, from Greek, thallos, meaning "a green shoot or twig," was named by Crookes. It was isolated by both Lamy and Crookes in 1862; Lamy by electrolysis and Crookes by precipitation and melting of the resultant powder. Crookes exhibited it as a powder precipitated by Zinc at the International exhibition which opened on the first of May, that year.
Thallium tends to oxidize as ionic salts, and resembles that of the other elements in thallium's group (boron, aluminum, gallium, indium). However, in Thallium the ions are found mostly in potassium-based ores, and (when ingested) are handled in many ways like potassium ions in living cells.
Commercially, however, Thallium is produced not from potassium ores, but as a byproduct from refining of heavy metal sulfide ores. Approximately 60–70% of thallium production is used in the electronics industry, and the remainder is used in the pharmaceutical industry and in glass manufacturing. It is also used in infrared detectors. The radioisotope thallium-201 (as the soluble chloride TlCl) is used in small, nontoxic amounts as an agent in a nuclear medicine scan, during one type of nuclear cardiac stress test.
Soluble Thallium salts (many of which are nearly tasteless) are highly toxic in quantity, and were historically used in rat poisons and insecticides. Use of these compounds has been restricted or banned in many countries, because of their nonselective toxicity. Notably, thallium poisoning results in hair loss. Because of its historic popularity as a murder weapon, thallium has gained notoriety as "the poisoner's poison" and "inheritance powder" (alongside arsenic).
Metaphysically, Tin encourages realization of our own lifes dream. It has inspiring effects and helps develope our innermost talents and abilities. Tin brings sociability and generousity to guests. It encourages musical talent, particularly the playing of music.

Tin

Physically, Tin is a Post Transition Metal element and encourages the development and activity of the cerbrum and harmonizes the nervous system. It encourages the healing of spasms, states of weakness and paralysis that can be traced back to disturbances in the nervous system. Tin helps greatly with chronic problems, particularly in the area of the respiratory tract, secondarily with the liver and gallbladder problems like colic. Tin controls the sense of taste.
Psychologically and Emotionally, Tin helps transform emotions into concrete form; it helps us put feelings into words. Tin encourages enthusiasm, tolerance, trust and a friendly attitude and gives us the courage to master everyday difficulties. It dissolves sorrow into relief.
Metaphysically, Tin encourages realization of our own lifes dream. It has inspiring effects and helps develope our innermost talents and abilities. Tin brings sociability and generousity to guests. It encourages musical talent, particularly the playing of music.

Titanium

Physically, Titanium is a Transition Metal element and is found in it's highest concentrations in the muscles and bones. There it promotes growth and an upright posture. It also has anti-inflammatory properties, particularly in the case of colds, bronchitis, pneumonia and kidney infections. Titanium fortifies the heart and the ability to regenerate the organism.
Psychologically and Emotionally, Titanium has an enlightening and freeing effect in the case of claustrophobia, fear and oppression. It promotes sexual fulfillment and is helpful with problems of Erectile dysfunction, impotence and premature ejaculation.
Metaphysically, Titanium confers honesty, independence and spiritual greatness

Tungsten

Tungsten, also known as wolfram, is a chemical element with symbol W and atomic number 74. The word tungsten comes from the Swedish language tung sten, which directly translates to heavy stone. Its name in Swedish is volfram, however, in order to distinguish it from scheelite, which in Swedish is alternatively named Tungsten.
A hard, rare metal under standard conditions when uncombined, tungsten is found naturally on Earth almost exclusively in chemical compounds. It was identified as a new element in 1781, and first isolated as a metal in 1783. Its important ores include wolframite and scheelite. The free element is remarkable for its robustness, especially the fact that it has the highest melting point of all the elements. Its high density is 19.3 times that of water, comparable to that of Uranium and gold, and much higher (about 1.7 times) than that of lead. Polycrystalline tungsten is an intrinsically brittle and hard material, making it difficult to work. However, pure single-crystalline tungsten is more ductile, and can be cut with a hard-steel hacksaw.
Tungsten's many alloys have numerous applications, including incandescent light bulb filaments, X-ray tubes (as both the filament and target), electrodes in TIG welding, superalloys, and radiation shielding. Tungsten's hardness and high density give it military applications in penetrating projectiles. Tungsten compounds are also often used as industrial catalysts.
Tungsten is the only metal from the third transition series that is known to occur in biomolecules, where it is used in a few species of bacteria and archaea. It is the heaviest element known to be used by any living organism except Uranium. Tungsten interferes with molybdenum and copper metabolism and is somewhat toxic to animal life.
Metaphysically, Tungsten is a strong and powerful protector, highly resistant to heat and other forms of radiation. It has a core quality of strength in structure in difficult environments, including extraterrestrial environments.

Uranium

Uranium is a chemical element with symbol U and atomic number 92. It is a silvery-white metal in the actinide series of the periodic table. A Uranium atom has 92 protons and 92 electrons, of which 6 are valence electrons. Uranium is weakly radioactive because all its isotopes are unstable (with half-lives of the six naturally known isotopes, Uranium-233 to Uranium-238, varying between 69 years and 4.5 billion years). The most common isotopes in natural Uranium are Uranium-238 (which has 146 neutrons and accounts for over 99%) and Uranium-235 (which has 143 neutrons). Uranium has the second highest atomic weight of the primordially occurring elements, lighter only than plutonium. Its density is about 70% higher than that of lead, and slightly lower than that of gold or tungsten. It occurs naturally in low concentrations of a few parts per million in soil, rock and water, and is commercially extracted from Uranium-bearing minerals such as Uraninite.
In nature, Uranium is found as Uranium-238 (99.2739–99.2752%), Uranium-235 (0.7198–0.7202%), and a very small amount of Uranium-234 (0.0050–0.0059%). Uranium decays slowly by emitting an alpha particle. The half-life of Uranium-238 is about 4.47 billion years and that of Uranium-235 is 704 million years, making them useful in dating the age of the Earth.
Many contemporary uses of Uranium exploit its unique nuclear properties. Uranium-235 has the distinction of being the only naturally occurring fissile isotope. Uranium-238 is fissionable by fast neutrons, and is fertile, meaning it can be transmuted to fissile plutonium-239 in a nuclear reactor. Another fissile isotope, Uranium-233, can be produced from natural thorium and is also important in nuclear technology. Uranium-238 has a small probability for spontaneous fission or even induced fission with fast neutrons; Uranium-235 and to a lesser degree Uranium-233 have a much higher fission cross-section for slow neutrons. In sufficient concentration, these isotopes maintain a sustained nuclear chain reaction. This generates the heat in nuclear power reactors, and produces the fissile material for nuclear weapons. Depleted Uranium (238U) is used in kinetic energy penetrators and armor plating. Uranium is used as a colorant in Uranium glass, producing lemon yellow to green colors. Uranium glass fluoresces green in ultraviolet light. It was also used for tinting and shading in early photography.
The 1789 discovery of Uranium in the mineral pitchblende is credited to Martin Heinrich Klaproth, who named the new element after the planet Uranus. Eugène-Melchior Péligot was the first person to isolate the metal and its radioactive properties were discovered in 1896 by Henri Becquerel. Research by Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner, Enrico Fermi and others, such as J. Robert Oppenheimer starting in 1934 led to its use as a fuel in the nuclear power industry and in Little Boy, the first nuclear weapon used in war. An ensuing arms race during the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union produced tens of thousands of nuclear weapons that used Uranium metal and Uranium-derived Plutonium-239. The security of those weapons and their fissile material following the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 is an ongoing concern for public health and safety.
Metaphysically, Uranium is the shape shifter metal. With its many aspects, it can become whatever the observer is most interested in and it has aspects of all major metals combined within it. It can be used to awaken sleeping aspects of the self, and to discover more of the whole story in any context.

Zinc

Physically, Zinc is a Transition Metal element and activates all kinds of different hormones and enzymes. It enhances the effect of insulin and helps with diabetes, supports the immune system and promotes production of growth hormones and sex hormones. The function of the male sexual organs, formation of seminal vesicles, is stimulated. Prostrate disorders and problems with the ovaries are improved.
Zinc also regulates the development of the brain and sensory perception. It is extremely important for the retina as well as for the senses of taste and smell. It encourages regeneration and healing of wounds, bone formation and toughening of the outer layer of skin, hair and nails. Zinc protects the organism against harmful substances and radiation.
Psychologically and Emotionally, Zinc promotes the development of intelligence, abstract thinking. It helps with exhaustion, weakness, loss of courage and fear-fulness, restlessness, sleep disturbance, particularly with loss of sleep due to too many ideas and thoughts running through the mind. Zinc encourages spontaneity and intuition.
Metaphysically, Zinc indicates great changes in your life. It breaks up outworn structures and helps use these upheavals in a meaningful way for creating better circumstances in our life. It brings idealism and intensifies our lives. Zinc encourages the ability to communicate.

Zirconium

Zirconium is a chemical element with symbol Zr and atomic number 40. The name of Zirconium is taken from the name of the mineral Zircon, the most important source of Zirconium. The word Zircon comes from the Persian word zargun ?????, meaning "gold-colored". It is a lustrous, grey-white, strong transition metal that resembles hafnium and, to a lesser extent, Titanium. Zirconium is mainly used as a refractory and opacifier, although it is used in small amounts as an alloying agent for its strong resistance to corrosion. Zirconium forms a variety of inorganic and organometallic compounds such as zirconium dioxide and zirconocene dichloride, respectively. Five isotopes occur naturally, three of which are stable. Zirconium compounds have no known biological role..
Metaphysically, Zirconium is the first of the transition metals, their very existence being a practical reminder that metals are crystaline in essence - and nothing more so than zirconium, which is manufactured to produce the beautiful artificial cubic zirconia diamonds. Light and strong, lustrous and exceptionally resistant to corrosion, zirconium dances between the planes and keeps its identity regardless of the states it inhabits. Magically, this makes it into a good companion for far journeys, and transmutation.

Metaphysical and Healing Lore

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